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Frequently Asked Questions
Q. If I have dry eyes, why do my eyes 'water' all the time?
A. Good natural tears are more like an oil which helps lubricate the eyes. When our eyes are tearing a lot the tears are more water like which provides only short term relief.
Q. What causes dry eye?
A. Aging, medication, and a variety of systemic disease can cause or exacerbate dry eye.
Q. What treatments are available once the diagnosis of dry eye is made?
A. Artificial tears help lubricate the eye more like an oil. Punctal plugs can also be inserted into the tear ducts to help maintain your tears to allow greater exposure time.
Q. What is a cataract?
A. A cataract is a "clouding"of the human lens.
Q. What causes cataracts?
A. Most cataracts are the result of normal aging process. Some medication and systemic diseases can also cause cataract formation to progress quicker.
Q. How does a cataract interfere with vision?
A. A cataract will cause glare and burry vision. Because the lens is no longer crystal clear, light going to the retina can be scattered. When the cataract is very dense, it obstructs the light and causes decrease in vision, like a window that needs to be cleaned.
Q. What can be done if the cataract is the cause of 'poor vision'?
A. Cataract surgery to remove the natural cloudy lens along with the clear lens implant. Some times patients may see distance well even without glasses. However, near vision will require the aid of a bifocal lens. Your doctor will fine tune your vision with glasses after the healing phase is complete.
Q. How does diabetes affect the eye?
A.Diabetes causes the blood vessels inside the eye to become weak and 'leaky'. The weak blood vessels will sometimes cause bleeding or swelling in the retina or tissues in the back of the eye. Early in the disease, the small changes may not affect the vision. Undetected, the damage can progress and eventually cause you to lose vision.
Q. If you do not hav any diabetic changes found during the exam, when do you need to be seen again?
A. Doctors generally recommend yearly exams for stable patients.
Q. What can be done if there are changes found during the exam?
A. Doctors may elect to use a laser to halt the progression of new blood vessels. Studies have shown that the laser can significantly reduce vision loss.
Q. What is glaucoma?
A. A person is at increase risk if there is a family history of glaucoma..
Q. Does glaucoma run in the family?
A. Glaucoma is a condition which slowly causes loss of peripheral vision damages the optical nerve. There are may causes and types of glaucoma, so it is important that your doctor see you to make an early diagnosis.
Q. Are there any treatments for glaucoma?
A. There are many treatment options available, depending upon the severity of the disease. Medications, laser, and surgical options are the different approaches in the treatment of glaucoma.
Q. If undiagnosed or not treated, what will happen?
A. In the early stage, a person will not notice any change in their in their vision. The central vision can be very good until the late stages of the disease. Early on, the peripheral vision is lost, therefore, a person does not notice any changes, unless carefully tested.
Q. If my eye is red, does it mean there is an infection?
A. Red eye can be due to many causes. Infection, allergy, glaucoma, and tumor are just a few causes of red eye. Proper diagnosis can only be made after careful slit lamp or special magnifying instrument examination. The treatment is according to the cause.
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